Living in the Environment 16th Edition Chapter Review and Vocabulary

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Living in the Environment : Concepts, Connections and Solutions Miller and Spoolman 16th Edition Practice Questions: Chapters 1-25 2009 - 2010 Practice Questions – Chapter 1 Environmental Problems, Their Causes, and Sustainability 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Describe what is meant by the phrase “an environmentally sustainable society” as related to the human population. Distinguish between (a) natural capital (b) natural resources (c) natural services (d) solar capital (e) natural capital degradation. What is the difference between economic growth and economic development? Describe two basic ways that economic growth can be accomplished. Distinguish between developed countries and developing countries.…show more content…
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Describe and give an example of resource partitioning and explain how it can increase species diversity. What is population dynamics? Why do most populations live in clumps? Describe four variables that govern changes in population size and write an equation showing how they interact. Distinguish between r-selected and k-selected species and give an example of each type. Define population density and explain why it can affect the size of some but not all populations. What is ecological succession? Distinguish between primary ecological succession and secondary ecological succession and give an example of each. Explain why succession does not follow a predictable path. Define carrying capacity (k) . What two fundamental characteristics reflect (k). What occurs if/when a population exceeds carrying capacity (k). Explain why there is a lag time between the overshoot of carrying capacity and the population dieback. Describe each of the following species interactions and give an example of each : (a) interspecific competition (b) intraspecific competition (c) predation (d) territoriality (e) symbiosis. Vocabulary Words Species diversity Mutualism Habitat islands Pioneer species Mimicry Lichens Coevolution Biotic potential Intrinsic rate of increase Exponential growth Environmental resistance Logistic growth Parasitism
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