Lloyd- Part A. There Are Several Definitions Describe What

1148 WordsApr 4, 20175 Pages
Lloyd- Part A There are several definitions describe what an ethnic group is, for this paper I would like to use Max Weber 's definition of an ethnic group. His definition states that "Ethic groups are those human groups that entertain a subjective belief in their common descent because of similarities of physical type or of customs or both". This definition fits well with the ethnic conflict ongoing in Belgium because it is a conflict which is heavily influenced by a linguistic division, one of the most powerful symbols in ethnic politics. Belgium is a nation-state which is currently divided into two major ethnic groups; the Dutch Speaking Flemish, and the French Speaking Walloons. This conflict or division has been prevalent in this…show more content…
Local municipalities were now a unilingual statue and each municipality belonged to only one of the four regions. In the early 1970 's there was a constitutional reform and three autonomies were formed: Flanders, Wallonia, and Brussels. Each region had its own government and parliament with a federal government to keep the country united. During this time an economic shift occurred. Wallonia mining and steel industry started to lose its revenue with the increase of modernization while Flanders ' industry increased its revenue. Poverty and unemployment increased in Wallonia. Many rely on social security that 's provided by the federal state. This creates tension because Belgium 's taxpayers are mainly Flemish, so many are angry that their money is being used to support the Walloons. This dissatisfaction pushed Belgium into a political deadlock and it became "more obvious than ever that Belgian people live in a country with two completely different democracies, two different cultures, and two different opinions." (Lauwers, 2010). In September of 2011 another political deadlock happened and lasted for over a year until the leader of the Socialist Party elected a Prime Minister and key agreements by Flemish and Wallonia were met. The NVA believes nationalism and separatism will help Belgium while the Socialist Party is in full support of social security. Wallonia lack of want for change frustrates the
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