Local Control Of Texas : A Seismic Zone

1193 Words Sep 18th, 2016 5 Pages
Student Name: Wei Shi
Professor Name: Prof. Smith
11 Sept 2016
Local Control in Texas When I was woken up by a 5.8 magnitude earthquake from Pawnee, Oklahoma on last Saturday morning, I just thought I was in a dream. Is Texas near a seismic zone? Again, I heard my cousin, a petroleum engineer, talk about the hydraulic fracturing which causes the frequent earthquakes recently. hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is widely used by the oil and gas companies in Texas and Oklahoma to produce oil and natural gas. Although hydraulic fracturing technology successfully reduces the price of energy, the scientific evidences show that it relates to frequent earthquake and water pollutions. According to a report from Newsweek Global, the Oklahoma Geological Survey states that Oklahoma only has one and a half earthquakes over 3 magnitudes per year before 2008, the year of the oil and gas companies begin to use hydraulic fracturing technology, compare to two and a half per day in 2015(MCGRATH). The United States Geological Survey (USGS) also indicates that hydraulic fracturing induce earthquakes on March 28, 2015 (MCGRATH). In addition, United States Environmental Protection Agency confirmed that the hydraulic fracturing relates to the water pollution (Banerjee). In Texas, if a city over 5000 populations can be became to a home rule city, which give the city government more freedom and flexibility(Collier). Since the hydraulic fracturing…
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