Locke Vs Berkeley Essay

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Berkeley, along with the fellow English Locke, argues that “humans have the capacity to gain increasing amounts of valid knowledge from their experience and to profit from the combined experiences of groups of people " (Fancher 68). What contradicts the thoughts of these two philosophers is the position that Locke has about dualism: that some ideas are the effect of external things (primary) and others not (secondary). Thus, the first would suppose therefore the existence of an externality, a world made of substance or matter. Berkeley, in contrast, does not accept this view and argues that there is only what we perceive, secondary qualities, that is, the contents of consciousness that result from our experience, the perceptions or ideas. Berkeley’s way of thinking, later, led David Hume to build his theories.…show more content…
The philosopher believed that all we have in our mind is a result of our sensations. The ideas depend on feelings; we only have ideas of something after we perceive it. There are no innate ideas, ideas that are born with us. When we observe something repeatedly we tend to believe that this will always happen, this trend becomes a habit. Through this habit, we have established a relationship between cause and effect (causality), but it does not mean that this relationship exists. Not because we have always seen the sun rise every morning that it necessarily will rise tomorrow. For Hume causality is only a supposition, it is not possible to guarantee that just because something has happened continually in the past it will remain happening in the
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