Locke Vs Berkeley

Decent Essays
In the Mind or In the World? Do objects exist in the Physical world? This discussion has been around for generations. Philosophers like John Locke and George Berkeley have presented their theories about the basics of human understanding, but both ideas are contradicting. Although both Locke and Berkeley proved their position on whether primary qualities and secondary qualities exist in the real world, Locke has provided a more coherent argument. In Locke’s essay, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, he explains where and how one’s knowledge was formed. He reiterates that “Whatsoever the Mind perceives in it self, or is the immediate object of Perception, Thought, or Understanding, that I call Idea; and the Power to produce in any Idea…show more content…
These characteristics are consisted of facts. Locke argues that “These I call original or primary Qualities of Body, which I think we may observe to produce simple Ideas. Solidity Extensions, Figure, Motion, or Rest, and Number” (Locke, 49). For example, a door (body), the primary qualities of this particular body is rectangular, heavy, etc. The idea of primary qualities exists as well and it resembles the primary qualities of an object. In the example with the door, we think about the ideas of being rectangular and heavy which exists in the body therefore, the idea of the shape resembles shape of the…show more content…
He as well said that humans are like objects when it comes to existence, God’s idea. Berkeley said, “This perceiving, active being is what I call mind, spirit, soul or myself” (Berkeley, 55). Since he believes that everything exists in the mind, Locke’s primary and secondary qualities are only a collection of idea. Berkeley says, “...Colours and tastes exist only in the mind...and to prove the same thing of extension, figure and motion” (Berkeley, 57). Berkeley argues that “... Various sensations, or ideas imprinted on the sense, however blended or combined together, cannot exist otherwise in a mind perceiving them” (Berkeley, 55). He explains that ideas can only resemble ideas, therefore, external objects does not exist since it cannot create perception. When we think about a certain object, to Berkeley, it is not that he thinks that it does not exist, rather he believes that it is merely a collection of
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