Locke 's Theory Of Property

1113 WordsOct 20, 20165 Pages
Locke’s political philosophy, specifically that which concerns the definition of property, how that property is acquired, and the role it plays in society, prove to be quintessential to the development of liberalism. Locke’s philosophy and the basis of liberalism encompasses ideas of sovereignty and rejects contrary phenomena such as absolute monarchy and Divine Right of Kings. It is even said that the Second Treatise of Government is a critique of King James II and an allusion to his exploitation of England’s citizens. Furthermore, it is Locke’s theory of property that proves to serve a central role in that it revolutionized the concept of property that created a shift in the political thought of those in England during the late 17th Century. First, to conceptualize Locke’s argument on the intricacies of property and its respective importance to and effect on society, Locke defines property as the undeniable rights in ownership of life, liberty, and estate. He explains that this right was unequivocally given by God to mankind alike, yet this right to property should be combined with the gift of reason to both reap the benefits of the Earth, yet also give back. Moreover, Locke’s concept of the purpose of property is “to make use of it [the earth] to the best advantage of life, and convenience…The earth, and all that is therein is given to men for the support and comfort of their being,” which foundation lies in the mutually beneficial relationship between mankind and
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