Locke's Explanation of Creation, Value and Protection of Property

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Locke's Explanation of Creation, Value and Protection of Property ‘The great and chief end... of Mens uniting into Commonwealths, and putting themselves under Government, is the preservation of their property’ (Second treatise, para.124). How and why does Locke explain the creation, value and protection of property? Locke says that the state has a responsibility to preserve people’s private property. He (1688) says “The great and chief end, therefore, of men’s uniting into common-wealths, and putting themselves under…show more content…
In order for Locke to come up with his opinions of the role of state in regarding property he assumed a number of things including people have a right to their own preservation, the way to acquire property is through labor in the land, and that land is better acquired than lying not toiled in the common. Locke (1688) says, “that men, being once born, have a right to their preservation” (p. 250). As soon as a person is born he automatically has the right to try to preserve himself by any means possible, as long as he does not infringe on someone else’s property. And that god gave humans the world and everything in it including the fruit it produces, and the animals it feeds. People have a right to all of it to preserve themselves. He (1688) then says that in order to preserve ourselves we need “a means to appropriate them some way or another”( p. 251), and the way to do it is through labor. He (1688) says that “every man has a property in his own person” (p. 251), and therefore the work of his hand belongs to him as well. So by adding labor to property we add something of our own to it the “labour put a distinction between them and common” (Locke, 1688 p. 251). By causing a change in the land with our property we take it out of “the hands of nature” (Locke, 1688 p. 252) and make it our own. He then says that by people acquiring land they
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