Logistics In Supply Chain Systems

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Logistics is an important part of the supply chain process as it is the phase where products that are manufactured are packed, stored in warehouse, and transported to the end users when an order is placed. Logistics deals with lot of data/information about different products, resource, transport, and warehouse management. With the growth of technology, many devices like RFID, barcode, sensors, GPS, Telematics etc. have found its use in Logistics resulting in huge amount of data/information generated from these devices. Information ranging from products available in warehouse to real time information like where the product is in delivery truck are available which makes Logistics an ideal place for big data applications. DHL is one such…show more content…
These data can be used to analyze the utilization of the machine and inform the manager in case of overutilization or underutilization (Macaulay, Buckalew, & Chung, 2015). Figure 4.1.1. Product information transmitted to WMS
Image credit: (Macaulay, Buckalew, & Chung, 2015)
Predictive analysis can be used to schedule maintenance (predictive maintenance) for the machine. The data collected regarding the operation/performance of the machine can be compared with the past data and big data analysis can be used to schedule time for machine maintenance. Using the data collected, Big data analysis can also be done to predict the life of the machine. This will reduce the unplanned machine downtime and increase the efficiency of the warehouse. An example of such maintenance report from conveyor belt is shown in below figure 4.1.2. Figure 4.1.2. Machine status sent to WMS
Image credit (Macaulay, Buckalew, & Chung, 2015)
4.2. DHL Smart Trucks
DHL introduced its first Smart Truck which includes RFID/sensors for monitoring the packages, satellite powered geo and telematics technology for providing advanced real-time routing options in Berlin in March 2012. The smart truck uses real-time data details such as weather, traffic, customer delivery preferences to provide an optimal route for delivery and pickup doing which increases the pickup and delivery efficiency. The below figure 4.2.1. represents a DHL Smart
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