Long Term Effects Of Imperialism In South Africa

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In the second half of the 19th century, most African countries faced the aggression of the European imperialism. All African countries were colonized except for Ethiopia and Liberia. South Africa was one of the main countries that faced imperialism. The Boers, also known as the Dutch descendents or Dutch farmers, were the first to colonize South Africa in 1652. Later on, the British came and took Cape Colony from the Dutch in 1795. The British at first mainly wanted to colonize South Africa as it helps her to trade with India by its route. South Africa’s temperate climate, natural resources, and massive minerals attracted Europeans to take it over. Also, South Africa has a strategic geographical location as it’s located at the center of the…show more content…
There were many important positive effects. First of all, there was a huge advance in agriculture. Early, when the Dutch settled in South Africa, they taught South Africans new farming techniques that would increase their production. The Dutch, being specialized in farming, introduced new farming tools to South Africans. The discovery of gold helped the British use gold efficiently as they made different kinds of jewelry which increased the economy enormously. The British bought many African slaves to work in the mining industry but this helped them learn new techniques that would increase their production and resources. The British has actually improved the education in South Africa. Nowadays, we see British systems in South Africa that are still helping South Africans to become successful in their lives. The employment rate is increasing and increasing. On the other hand, there were also negative impacts. The main negative impact is racial discrimination. The starting of feuds between blacks and whites in the colonization of South Africa are still happening today in South Africa. Economic exploitation is also a negative impact. The British are still taking goods and resources from South
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