Lord Of The Flies By William Golding

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The conflict between individualism and collectivism has always been of interest to humanity. While one ideology places high importance on the one person and their abilities, the latter emphasizes the need to put the common good of the group before any single individual. “Lord of the Flies” by William Golding explores this ideological struggle through an allegory that pits two boys – Ralph and Jack – and their respective philosophies against each other. Golding portrays Ralph as a relatable, sympathetic main character whose key focus is rescue from the island the boys are stranded on. As a foil to his character, Jack’s main desire is to gain power and control without care for the group’s fate. Hence, Ralph’s perspective is closely linked to conforming to the civilization they have always known – England. Though conformity carries a negative connotation, Golding challenges this by showing the disasters that occur when the boys implicitly choose to not adhere to the social standards they first set-up. When Jack gives into his bloodlust, he inspires the same craving in many of the boys, which leads to their descent into animalistic behaviour as a collective. In “Lord of the Flies,” William Golding demonstrates, through the character of Ralph, the constant inner battle an individual faces between choosing to follow the social rules of an established community for the common good and giving into their most primal, impulsive wishes for the sake of pleasure and fun.
In the first

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