Low And Decreasing Self Esteem During Adolescence

1038 Words Mar 29th, 2016 5 Pages
Low and Decreasing Self-Esteem During Adolescence Critique
Steiger, Allemand, Robins, and Fend (2014) hypothesized that not only the level but also the change in self-esteem affect depression. Using data from over a 23 year span, they investigated adolescent level and change in self-esteem and examined their predictive effects on adult depressive symptoms two decades later. Self-esteem was assessed annually from age 12 to 16, and depression was assessed at age 16 and 35. Subsequently, they found that results demonstrated that both the level and change in self-esteem served as predictors for adult depression (Steiger et al., 2014). Individuals who entered adolescence with low self-esteem, and or whose self esteem declined further during the adolescent years, were more likely to display symptoms of depression two decades later as adults (Steiger et al., 2014). Data for the study came from 2,054 German participants. The participants were assessed five times during adolescence at the age of 12, 13, 14, 15, and 16 years old. Subsequently, a follow-up assessment was conducted in adulthood when the participants were 35 years old. According to Steiger et al. (2014), the adolescent participants were broadly representative of the western German population with regard to socioeconomic status, gender, ethnic origin, urban versus rural place of residence, and education level.
Additionally, global self-esteem in adolescence was measured with eight items from the Rosenberg…

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