Low Birth Weight: An Important Indicator In Public Health

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The World Health Organisation defines low birth weight as a weight at birth of less than 2500grams.It is an important indicator in public health because it can predict health outcomes later in life. It’s an issue on the global health agenda since its contributing to high infant mortality, morbidity and disability rates. Low birth weight contributes to 60 to 80% of all neonatal deaths (WHO, 2009).Studies have shown that neonatal death among infants weighing 1500 to 2500 is 20 times higher than among babies of normal weight. Approximately, 22 million children worldwide are born with low birth weight every year, representing 16% of all the births (UNICEF, 2013).These rates are higher in developing countries i.e. Asia and Africa. According to UNICEF
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