Lowering the Risk of Spreading HIV

1269 WordsFeb 22, 20185 Pages
Feedback: 1) Do I need to add more to my options section? I have thought about adding a needle exchange program but I already know that this paper leads towards controversial and want to stick with more neutral programs/options. 2) I just want to make sure I am laying out the landscape section accurately, and that I am providing the right information. Are some parts too detailed? Executive Summary HIV, also known as the human immunodeficiency virus, can have diminishing effects on the body’s immune system. Unlike other viruses, such as the flu, the body cannot get rid of HIV. This virus attacks T-cells (T-cells play a huge role in cell immunity), and replicates itself among the attacked T-cells. When too many of the cells have been attacked, and the body can longer fight infection, the HIV infection can then transform into AIDS. (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome) Risks that can lead to having HIV include sexual activity, drug use, blood transfusion and pregnancy. Prisons hold a huge risk to inmates, and have many high risk behaviors including unprotected sexual activity, and intravenous drug use. More than 2 million people in the United States are incarcerated in federal prisons and local jails. In 2008, 20,449 state prisoners and 1,538 federal prisoners, a total of 21, 987 male and female prisoners were reported to be living with HIV or AIDS (CDC) In other states, steps have been taken to reduce HIV risks. In 2013, California approved a plan that would allow condoms
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