Lucid Dreaming Paper

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Studies with Lucid Dreaming as add-on therapy to Gestalt Therapy
Hannah Carter
Pikes Peak Community College

The following paper analyzes a psychology journal that examined the results of a clinical study seeking to teach lucid dreaming, in partnership with gestalt therapy, as an additional tool for dealing with nightmares. B. Holzinger, G. Klosch, and B. Saletu define lucid dreaming as a learnable skill with in which the nightmare sufferer learns about dream awareness techniques, providing them with a means of control when experiencing nightmares (p. 355). In association, Gestalt therapy is defined as a conscious confrontation of nightmare images in a therapy setting, often by role-playing. The argument is made that
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Holzinger, G. Klosch, and B. Saletu (2015) at the Institute for Consciousness and Dream Research involved an initial forty participants, thirty females and ten males, ranging in age from twenty to fifty-nine. All participants were volunteers recruited through unspecified media (Holzinger et al., 2015). The only pre-requirement, as stated in the advertisement, was for participants to be experiencing frequent nightmares at least twice a week (Holzinger 2014). In addition, participant’s nightmares had to fit the institutes definition as ‘recurrent awakening from sleep with recall of intensely disturbing dream mentation’s and were accompanied by dysphonic emotion’ (p. 355). Prior to acceptance to the study, all participants were required to go through a screening process to eliminate any person with additional sleep behavior disorders, excluding anyone experiencing sleepwalking or night terrors and anyone suffering from REM sleep behavior disorder, epileptic seizures, or psychotic symptoms. After passing all screenings, participants were randomly assigned to two groups; group A: Gestalt therapy group (GTG) and group B: Gestalt and lucid dreaming therapy group (LDG) where each group had twenty members.
Group A strictly participated in gestalt group therapy once per week for ninety minutes over the course of nine weeks while group B met for sixty minutes once a week. In both groups, all participants were given sleep diaries to record when they were
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The researcher’s belief was that the inflated self-confidence, that learning lucid dreaming would equip their patients with, would decrease the patient’s anxiety and therefore decrease the frequency of the nightmares. With supporting evidence from the experiment that there was a decrease in nightmare frequency, it can be assumed that the researchers think their results can be applied to the greater majority of adults suffering from recurrent nightmares. The researchers are assuming through this assertion that all adults suffering from nightmares are under stress. This can be applied to adults who are suffering from specifically stress resulting from events from 2014. It is not accurate to assume that all stress is the same and that people will be affected similarly to

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