Lucid Dreams : A Lucid Dream

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Lucid Dreaming A lucid dream is one in which the person dreaming knows that he or she is in a dream, does not wake from it, and feels in control of what is happening in the dream. Researcher Paul Tholey experimented with the induction of lucid dreams in experimental subjects in the 1980s, and wrote that he developed techniques for inducing lucid dreams that had first been tried on himself in 1959 (Tholey 875). One of these techniques was called the “reflection technique, and his experimental subjects were able to induce the state of lucidity in their dreams (Tholey 876). The reflection technique basically involved the subject asking him or herself, while awake, if he or she was dreaming; then, it was hoped, the person would be able to ask him or herself the same thing while asleep in a dream, and thus become aware. By using his techniques, Dr. Tholey was able to test several hypotheses concerning the content of dreams and the eye movements that occur during the dreams. Tholey continued his experiments, and in 1989 published research in which he had investigated the cognitive tasks that characters in a lucid dream could perform (Tholey 567). Tholey’s idea was not that the dream characters themselves were independent of the dreamer, but that they came from parts of the brain of the dreamer. He thought that the brain processes that were responsible for dream events were those that were related to cognitive and affective memory processes, and might lead to separate

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