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Lucretius Beliefs

Decent Essays
Epicurus supported that the images people had for gods were varying due to the different preconceptions that had been implanted to every person separately. Very often there were false convictions expressed by people even if their preconceptions reflected their own natural goals. Lucretius protested against voices who presented gods as having evil intents and as prone to partiality and fury: “Unhappy human race, to attribute such behavior, and bitter wrath too, to the gods! What lamentations did they lay up for themselves in those days, what wounds for us, what tears for our descendants’’? Moreover, Lucretius stated: ‘‘Unless you expel these ideas from your mind and drive far away beliefs unworthy of the gods and alien to their tranquillity,…show more content…
We could assume that gods were interpreted through a model of Manichaeism; that is to say people were viewing people as good or as bad according to their own sighting of ethical greatness. Epicurus argued characteristically: “For having a total affinity for their own virtues, they are receptive to those who are like them, and consider alien all that is not of that kind”. On the one hand, there were people who imagined gods as forces that were thirsty for power and were taking pleasure in interfering in matters that they had no business; on the other, several people embraced gods as holy and serene according to the preconception of gods and treated them as a shelter of moral lift and tranquility. It was Epicurus himself who was counselling generally people and more specifically his students to pray to gods on the supposition that worship should have derived from veneration and not by fear. Epicurus claimed, “We must observe all the majesty associated with all the names, which we apply to such conceptions, if they give rise to no belief conflicting with majesty. Otherwise, the conflict itself will give rise to the greatest mental disquiet”. While Cicero supported that “if our sole purpose were to worship the gods in piety and to be freed from superstition, what I have said would suffice. For the sublime nature of the gods would earn men's pious worship, since whatever ranks supreme deserves…show more content…
Even Epicurus’ followers were confused and perplexed by Epicurus theology such as Lucretius and Cicero’s Vellius who combined information and syllogisms that satisfied realists as well as idealists. Both interpretative parties had their own reasons to attach Epicurus both to the realistic and the idealistic context and both of them had to defend their theories against arguments that worth consideration. I personally believe that Epicurus was more an idealist than a realist. He obviously stated that “there are gods” - a statement that could easily describe him as a realist- but the fact that he encouraged people to construct the conception of god and that their true nature, lifestyle and way of thinking were completely unknown to people compel me to believe that Epicurus was idealist and gods were merely thought constructs articulating people’s unrealistic view of the life they desired. Philodemus mentioned that Epicurus involved himself in “all the traditional festival and sacrifices”. However, this attestation does not prove that Epicurus was surely devoutly religious and believed that gods were existing living beings; he could have acted in that way to give a boost to his social status or even to protect himself from the dangerous accusations of
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