Lumbar Vertebral Column, An Amazing Part Of The Human Body
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Lumbar Vertebral Fracture
The Vertebral column is an amazing part of the human body. It is made up of many different pieces that all fit together to make something that keeps the body up right, allows movement, supports weight and protects the spinal cord. There are four different segments of the spinal cord. One of those segments is called the lumbar region. The lumbar region consists of 5 vertebrae that make up the lower back (Lippert, 2011). The lumbar region supports most of the body weight and allows movement. People often do not realize how important the vertebral column is until it is already injured. Injury to the lumbar region can be caused from a vertebral fracture and can be very painful to ones lower back.
Lumbar Vertebral Fractures, also known as a compression fractures are caused from a variety of reasons. Some of the causes can be from high impact trauma or diseases. Some vertebral fractures are causes by high impact trauma occurring in motor vehicle accidents, long distance falls and sports injuries. The diseases that can cause compression fractures are osteoporosis and spinal tumors. Compression fractures can occur from bone insufficiency as well as falls, lifting and trunk motions, such as flexion, extension, lateral bending and rotation (American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons [AAOS], 2015). Osteoporosis is the main cause of compression fractures. Depending on the severity of the fracture signs and symptoms include severe lower back pain,