I chose to do my research paper on Lyme disease. During my research, I found a lot of interesting facts about Lyme disease. The disease is caused by bacteria, called Borrelia burgdorferi, which is only transmitted to humans when they are bitten by an infected tick. Lyme disease was first discovered in 1975, in Lyme, Connecticut, after a group of children were diagnosed with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. This eventually led them to discover the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. The disease was given its name in 1982, after the town of Lyme, Connecticut. According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vectorborne illness in the United States. In 2014, it was the fifth most common Nationally Notifiable disease. Lyme disease is most prevalent in the northeast and upper Midwest.
Lyme disease is an infection produced by bacteria called Borrelia Burgdorferi. This bacteria or germ is ordinarily found in shrews, deer, mice, and squirrels. Ixodes bugs, normally called deer ticks, often feed on the blood from an infected animal. When this happens, the tick then becomes a carrier of the bacteria that causes Lyme disease and can infect you with this germ through your skin. Infected deer ticks are normally found in the northeast and upper Midwest United States because of the climate and humidity levels, and become more active in the late spring and early summer months after the birth of new larvae. Lyme disease is known to cause a skin rash called erythema migrans and can leave you problems with your joints, brain, heart, and nerves. The
Lyme disease is a serious infection that comes from a tick bite. Lyme disease is initially treated with antibiotics for 2-4 weeks. If the disease doesn't clear up after this time, it is suggested that these patients have chronic Lyme disease. These patients will still have the symptoms of Lyme disease after treatment is completed. These symptoms include extreme fatigue, pain in your muscles and joints as well as aches in your body.
Lymes disease is present here in Nova Scotia and has also affected humans and dogs in different parts of North America. It is one of the most common tick-causing symptoms however only 5-10% of dogs are affected showing different forms of the disease. Living in Lunenburg & Queens County (NS), there seems to be a higher population of deer ticks, as well as other parts of the province. The deer ticks are the primary carrier of the disease. A tick carrying the bacteria (B.burgdorferi) that can cause Lyme disease can transmit it to a dog after filling itself with blood, which takes at least 48 hours. Even if it is attached for 48 hours, the dog may not contract the disease.
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection (spirochetal bacterium) which is spread to humans by ticks. (1) “Most humans are infected through the bites of immature ticks called nymphs. Nymphs are tiny (less than 2 mm) and difficult to see; they feed during the spring and summer months. Adult ticks can also transmit Lyme disease bacteria, but they are much larger and are more likely to be discovered and removed before they have had time to transmit the bacteria. The tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours or more before the Lyme disease bacterium can be transmitted.” Ticks are most commonly found in hard to reach, see or discover areas on the body like warm creases and crevices or on the scalp and hair.
Bacterium Borrelia Burgdorferi is a highly specialized, motile, two-membrane, spiral-shaped bacterium that lives primarily as an extracellular pathogen. The bacteria is 0.2 to 0.3 micrometers wide, though the cell length may exceed 15 to 20 micrometers.
Imagine someone who loves the outdoors and loves life. While they are out and about doing what they love, they are unknowingly bitten by a deer tick. They start to develop a few symptoms and get diagnosed with Lyme disease some time later. Their whole life will be different forever. How does this happen? What is Lyme disease? Lyme disease is classified as a zoonosis, a disease that is spread from animals to humans. Humans acquire this disease through the bite of contaminated deer ticks. The tick contracts different kinds of Borrelia bacteria by feeding on deer and mice. Any human that the tick bites afterwards may be at risk for developing the disease. Once the Borrelia enters the human bloodstream, the bacteria begins attacking body systems. Some of the organs include the brain, heart, and joints, but all organs are at risk. Symptoms include aches anywhere on your body; joints, head, stomach, heart. Some people have also experienced memory loss or confusion, shaking, and flu-like symptoms. Different people have different symptoms. It’s crazy to think that one
Part of being a good parent is not only administering love, discipline and providing for the physical needs of a child, but also being alert to anything that may negatively affect their child's welfare.
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that is transmitted through the the bite of a tick carrying the borellia burgdorfei bacteria, meaning that it is an anthropozoonotic disease because it is transferred from animals to humans. Note that the only type of tick that can transmit lyme disease is the Blacklegged tick, often known as the deer tick.
Lyme disease is vector borne disease that is caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria. It is transmitted to humans by the nymphal stage of scapularis ticks (Levi et al, 2012). It is widespread in North America, and is often times discussed about in relation to deer population. While ticks use deer often as a reproductive host, this article discusses that deer are not the only factor that affect the prevalence of Lyme disease. Small mammals and predation play a major role in the emergence of this Lyme disease.
Lyme Disease is caused by a bite from a deer tick. Sometimes the bite causes a “bullseye” rash which is a red center with a red ring around it, but a lot of people do not know they have been bitten. If the bite is noticed within the first two weeks it can be treated successfully, but if not the victim can become seriously ill for years. My experience with Lyme Disease is not very joyful or loving.
This an descriptive essay concluding of what Lyme Disease is and its characteristics. This will tell you more about Lyme disease from when it first started and recently. I am writing this essay for Mckee Middle School science presentation, and also to inform you more about Lyme Disease and what happens when you receive it, how to prevent it from happening, how to cure it, what are the symptoms, and much more. I hope after reading this you will be much more informed about Lyme Disease.
The most widely recognized vector-borne sickness in the United States is Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a multisystem disease brought on by contamination with the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and the body's immune reaction to the infection. The disease is transmitted to people by means of tick bites, from infected ticks of the family Ixodes.
Lyme disease is most commonly transmitted to humans by black legged deer ticks that carry a spirochete called Borrelia burgdorferi (Kruger, p. 23, 2010). Spirochete are a type of bacteria which have surrounding filaments attached to their cell walls that help propel it through aqueous environments (Porth, p.302, 2015). Deer ticks can only pass it on if they have fed from an infected host such as small mammals, like mice and squirrels, however, when the tick matures into adult, it prefers the white tailed deer as a host (Kruger, p.23, 2010). The deer themselves do not carry the disease, however they play an important role in the spread of this spirochete. The deer tick only infects it’s host with the Borrelia burgdorferi at the end of a
It is popular opinion that lowering the amount of deer in an area will lower the amount of adult deer ticks in that said area, thus lowering the incidence of Lyme disease. Like perennial grass weeds and problems, attacking the root of the concern best alleviates Lyme disease. The root is not the adult blacklegged deer tick known as Ixodes scapularis but the density of infected nymphal ticks, according to Ostfeld. In laboratory conditions, ticks experience high mortality rates in low humidity and high temperature settings. This led to the postulate that temperature plays a significant role in determining future densities of nymphal (smaller and sexually immature) ticks