Lyme Disease Is The Most Common Tick Borne Illness

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History Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne illness in the world. This disease has been reported in all 50 states, mainly the New England states (Khatchikian, 2015). Lyme disease has also been reported in China, parts of the Soviet Union, Europe, Japan, and Australia. In 1957, a group of children and adults in the Lyme, Connecticut area, and surrounding areas had been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (Shiel, William C). Dr. Allen Steere began researching to solve this problem. Steere identified the Lyme disease was transferred by ticks (BayAreaLyme.com). In 2012, researchers thought that the 5,300-year-old mummy known as Ötzi the Iceman, discovered in 1991, had contracted Lyme disease (Parry, 2012). In 1981, a scientist…show more content…
The most common rash in Lyme disease is a rash shaped like a bull’s eye (MayoClinic.com, 2015). If the disease is not treated early, it may progress to chronic Lyme disease (CDC, 2014). Lyme disease occurs when the bacteria from the tick enters through the skin. The early signs of Lyme disease include fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint aches, and swollen lymph nodes. These symptoms start at the entry site of where the tick bite happened (CDC, 2014). Later signs include severe headaches, stiffness, more rashes on the body, arthritis, and Bells’ palsy, heart palpitations, and dizziness, shortness of breath, nerve pains, and problems with short term memory (FamilyDoctor.com, 2014). Lyme disease is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi (Shiel). For a patient to be infected with Lyme disease, the deer tick must be infected. Prevention of Lyme disease includes showering immediately and removing the tick from the skin (CDC, 2014). Pathophysiology Pathophysiology of Lyme disease is caused by an infected deer tick (CDC, 2014). The pathophysiology of a disease is the mechanism of what is causing it. Most cases occur between the months of April to August, which is when ticks are in the nymph’s stage in their lives (CDC, 2014). Lyme disease attacks the muscular tissues, immune system, brain and the heart. At first, an inflammatory skin reaction occurs before an important antibody response to infection. Lyme disease can affect
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