Lyme Disease Research Paper

Decent Essays
A well-known disease in the United States is Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection transmitted by deer ticks that are infected with the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria. In the early 1970s a group of children and adults in Lyme, Connecticut, and the surrounding areas were suffering from some puzzling and debilitating health issues. Finally, by the mid-70s, researchers began describing the signs and symptoms of this new disease. They called it Lyme, but they still didn’t know what caused it (History of Lyme Disease | Bay Area Lyme Foundation. n.d.). In the 1980’s, it was discovered that the bacteria came from deer ticks. Centers for Disease Controls and Prevention estimate that 300,000 people are diagnosed with Lyme disease in…show more content…
The disease can affect a human’s skin, joint, neurologic and/or cardiac manifestations. Early Lyme is 2 to 30 days prior to the tick bite, which includes fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle and joint aches, and swollen nodes. Late Lyme would be weeks to years after the tick bite, which include episodes of dizziness or shortness of breath and problems with short-term memory. Early Lyme can be treated with antibiotics and late Lyme can be treated with IV antibiotics. In the absence of neurologic or cardiac symptoms, treatment recommendations for adults would be a 14-day course of oral antibiotics. Doxycyline 100 mg twice daily is the preferred treatment; alternatively, amoxicillin 500 mg three times daily or cefuroxime axetil 500 mg twice daily may be prescribed (History of Lyme Disease | Bay Area Lyme Foundation. n.d.). The most common diagnostic tests for Lyme disease are indirect ones. Two-tiered testing uses two tests. The first is a screening test that should detect anyone who might have the disease. Tests that do this well have are regarded as having high sensitivity. This test is followed by a second test that is intended to make sure that only people with the disease are diagnosed. Tests that do this well have high specificity (Lyme disease is a clinical diagnosis, based on your medical history, symptoms and exposure to ticks. n.d.). Diagnose of Lyme can be difficult to detect because
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