The Culture Industry
Made up of economic institutions
Adorno’s theories fundamental
The culture industry is successful because people fetishize cultural objects
Creates false needs, alternative ways of thinking without people realizing
People focus on consuming. To own it. We need to have it.
Ex. Purchasing a concert ticket
Popular music standardized:
1. Number of types immediately recognizable
2. Small number of structures
3. Small number of components to each song that’s interchangeable (ex.Intro,verse,chorus etc)
The type of variation between standardized products
Surface changes (rhythm), not basic structure (chord progressions, verse, chorus)
If pop…show more content…
Ex. Goldie “Angel”
Not specifically made for dancing
Desgned for wide range of uses
Ex. Moby “Natural Blues”
“Historica Electronica Preface” Simon Reynolds 2001
Lays out parameters that define a “field of possibility” within electronic dance music
Texture matters more than actual rhythm
Process of Sampling
Relies on irony and nostalgia, lots of people wil be familiar with the songs
Convey cultural critique, launch discussions on social issues
Correspondences, connotations and critical readings.
Turned consumptions into production. Referring to the creative process
DJ Danger Mouse, brought genre into public discourse
Sampling, Meanings, and Interpretation
Brackett, “Sample Mania”
Can’t Touch This, resembles Super Freak. Same backing track.
Hip hop is now commercial, started by 1990s. He suggested that popularity is due to the sampling of well known songs.
In 1997, hit songs based on samplings with pervasive
What impact does the song have?
What is popular music text?
Anything that conveys a cultural meaning
Popular music text: recordings, music videos, live performances
The music components in lyrics is important but also album covers
Intertextuality: The idea that text communicates its meaning in relation to other texts.
Meanings represented in popular text
Preferred reading: dominant message set within codes and conventions in creation of the text
Meaning may not