Macbeth Hubris Analysis

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In the Merriam Webster Dictionary, the definition of hubris is “[e]xaggerated pride or self-confidence.” Hubris is also known as ego, and when someone has an overly large ego, it could lead them to their demise. In William Shakespeare’s play Macbeth, this is what the tragic hero’s downfall results in. In the play Macbeth, Shakespeare shares the story of a warrior named Macbeth and the path he takes to become king and how his hubris, or ego, ultimately leads him to his own demise. Shakespeare also introduces the audience to Banquo, Lady Macbeth, Malcolm, and Macduff as other important characters throughout the play. Another problem with an overly large hubris is that if placed in the wrong hands, it can be a dangerous weapon of mass destruction as shown by Macbeth. There are many different factors that do influence Macbeth to his demise. Theses influences include the witches as well as his own wife, Lady Macbeth. Although these people did influence Macbeth to lead him to his own demise, it is Macbeth’s fault for letting his hubris get in his way of success which ultimately leads him to his own demise. Even though Macbeth is influenced by not only the witches, but his wife as well, the majority of his demise comes from within himself through his excessive amount of hubris. One way Shakespeare foreshadows Macbeth’s ego leading him to his demise is when the witches say, “Fair is foul, and foul is fair” (Shakespeare 1). What Shakespeare is trying to hint to the reader is that by the end of the play, the witches will succeed in turning anything fair into foul, referring to Macbeth. Another way that Macbeth lets his ego lead to his demise is when he says, “ Thou marvel’st at my words” (Shakespeare 95). What Shakespeare is trying to show the audience when Macbeth says this to Lady Macbeth is that he now is sort of looking down at his wife and talking to her as if she is one the peasants he rules over, ultimately believing that his wife is not as powerful as him. Another way he lets his ego get the best of him is when he decides to kill Banquo and Fleance because he is worried that either Banquo and Fleance will try to forcefully take his throne out from under him. One example of this is when Macbeth says, “ Full

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