Macbeth Motif Critical Analysis : Macbeth

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Michael Efstration Mrs. Beauchamp H English 12 6 January 2015 Macbeth Motif Critical Analysis: Sleeplessness Macbeth is a play about a man and his desires that get the best of him. The calamity is fashioned through the inspiration of several characters including his wife, Lady Macbeth and the exciting force the witches create that begin the underlying motif of sleeplessness. Macbeth is a good person at heart, but through various temptations becomes obsessed and gets destroyed by the very thing he thought would bring him happiness: his pursuit to become king. Shakespeare utilizes the motif of sleeplessness in the play as a metaphor for being restless to achieve his final goal. His criminal acts go against Christianity, and not only affect himself, but other characters including his wife Lady Macbeth. At the start, the witches created the exciting force that caused all the mischief. They could be seen as demons or the devil himself through the information that was relayed to Banquo and Macbeth. The witches could also be God presenting a challenge to the both of them to see who comes out victorious. Either way, the exciting force the witches create would either bring realization of the future or deep disappointment. Christianity does not present itself clearly through the play, but many parts could be deciphered through its teachings including sleeplessness. Ribner states that there is a reason why Macbeth cannot sleep. He says that "sleep is an aspect of divine mercy".

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