Macbeth 's Order Of The Universe

944 Words4 Pages
Salma Bora
Pre-AP English I
09 March 2017 Macbeth’s Order of the Universe
Elizabethan ideologies are based on the “Great Chain of Being". The people believe that in an ordered universe, everything is ranked in order of their superiority. This order coincides with all religious beliefs as well as the political system. All inhabitants of earth are ranked in the following order: God, angels, king, man, animals, plants, inorganic material, and lastly, chaos. The king is similar to a God on earth, so any ill-willed acts against the king is a direct attack on God. In “The Tragedy of Macbeth” written by William Shakespeare, there is a breakdown of order throughout Scotland when Macbeth kills King Duncan. This destruction is
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However, just by wanting to become more manly when she was meant to be a woman by God, Lady Macbeth is affecting the order of the universe even before the murder even takes place. "You lack the season of all natures, sleep" (3.4.140). Sleeping is essential for maintaining health, but since Macbeth committed unnatural acts of murder against the innocent, his health, along with mentality, is at a risky state--a curse from nature itself-- all caused by disrupted sleep. Not only is his crime evident in the order of the universe, but also with his internal order.
The killing of Duncan leads to a very bizarre switch in roles within nature. “A falcon, tow 'ring in her pride of place,/Was by a mousing owl hawked at and killed,” (2.4.13-14). This reversal brings discomfort, since even the animal kingdom is starting to be affected by the unravelling of chaos. An even worse example, King Duncan 's horses, "Beauteous and swift, the minions of their race,/Turn 'd wild in nature, broke their stalls, flung out,/War with mankind." (2.4.15-16,18). There is nothing a king trusts more than his valiant steed, and similarly both Macbeth and Lady Macbeth were trusted vassals of King Duncan, who was oblivious of their traitorous nature. However, even the most trusty steed can turn his back on his master upon smelling the faintest scent of fear. Thus, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s thirst for power filled to the extent where they were willing to overthrow their master.
The order of

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