Madonna and Child is a Common Representation in Christian Art

1428 Words Feb 16th, 2018 6 Pages
The term “icon” in this context is a reference to a holy image to which special veneration is given. While many works by many artists depict this subject, through their various differences we can chart a change in artistic as well as Christian ideals through the 13th-15th centuries. During this period artists and scholars broke from Medieval thought, philosophy and representations in art and began to embrace the ideas of humanism. From Giotto’s early renaissance interpretation of The Madonna and Child, to Domenico Veneziano and finally Hans Memling’s Flemish rendition we can see how technique, interpretation and styles changed through the renaissance.
Today, a work that shows the Virgin holding the infant Christ is referred to as a “Madonna and Child” however, this implies that the subjects have equal iconographical weight. In Renaissance documents, as well as in modern Italian, the works are often simply refereed to as “The Madonna” highlighting the Virgins iconographic supremacy. This can largely be attributed to the widespread devotion to the Virgin at this time, especially considering her patronage to many of the most artistically talented cities in Italy (Hope 1990).
Florentine Artist, Giotto’s rendition of the Madonna and Child, painted between 1266 and 1337, a central panel to a five-section polyptych, evidences a major turning point in Christian…