Main Characteristics of Psychology in Egypt

1971 Words Jun 21st, 2018 8 Pages
Main Characteristics of Psychology in Egypt

To construct a meaningful picture of psychology as it is practiced in Egypt, the following features may be emphasized:

1. The manner in which Egyptian psychology emerged and has been growing over the years has earned it a solid base for a promising future. In this context, most important is the fact that the discipline made its first appearance in 1911 as part of establishing and operating the first secular university and that the discipline's growth was in synchrony with that of the host institution (Cairo University, 1983, p. 31). Growth in this career enabled Egyptian psychology to have a share in all the strengths the host university has
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This sequence of events was determined by the interplay of a plethora of political and sociocultural factors that shaped the main features of the discipline as it stands at present, and that will, probably, define the way the discipline will grow in the foreseeable future. In the remaining parts of the present article, an attempt is made to present an overview of the way the progression of the discipline took place in different parts of the Arab countries. Additionally, we will attempt to define the main characteristics the discipline has been developing (differentially) in the course of that progression. We will conclude by underlining growth trends expected to flourish in the near future, highlighting at the same time conditions that would be congenial to a sound growth of the discipline.

Modern Psychology in Egypt

Egypt was the main gateway through which modern psychology was introduced and practiced in the Arab countries. This occurred around the beginning of the twentieth century and was accompanied by the establishment of the first secular university in 1908 (then named The Egyptian University) (Rizk, 1998). The founding of the university was itself part of a broad sociopolitical movement ignited by an uprising of national feelings (lasting from 1882 through 1954) against the Ottoman
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