Major Depression: Definition

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Andrea Yates was born on July 2, 1964. In high school she graduated as valedictorian and moved onto college where she graduated with a nursing degree and preceded to become a registered nurse. It wasn’t until after Andrea met her husband, Rusty Yates, and had her first of five children that she started to show signs and eventually be diagnosed with major depression and psychotic features. Major depression is defined as a person who “has a history of one or more depressive episodes and no history of manic or hypomanic episodes. Symptoms often interfere with the person’s social or occupational functioning and in some cases may include psychotic features”. (Varcarolis 327) Psychotic features are “breaks with reality (such as…show more content…
After Andrea was released her out-patient doctor switched her to Ativan, which she did not take. Because Haldol worked she was released but prescribed Haldol and was strongly advised not to get pregnant again because it was a good possibility that it would trigger more psychotic episodes. Zoloft is a “selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant. Zoloft affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression, panic, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive disorders. It is used to treat depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder”. (Cerner) “Depressive symptoms are the result of a biochemical imbalance in the brain, a disturbance in the brain’s chemical messengers called neurotransmitters. Zoloft acts on the neurotransmitter serotonin, allowing electrical messages to be processed more smoothly and efficiently. This helps relieve symptoms of depression. Zyprexa is an antipsychotic medication. Zyprexa works to reduce symptoms of schizophrenia by blocking various serotonin and dopamine receptors. It blocks the serotonin receptors more potently than dopamine. Ativan is a sedative medication generally used to treat anxiety. Ativan works by increasing the activity of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid which inhibits the nervous system, reducing the states of mental and physical overexcitement”.
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