Major Depression and Cbt

1989 Words Apr 24th, 2014 8 Pages
Major Depressive Disorder and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Argosy University
Abnormal Psychology
Brandy Rhodes
12/08/11

Abstract:
Major depression disorder is a wide and complex disorder than many Americans suffer from. This paper will review the research and material of major depression disorder and the effective treatment with cognitive behavioral therapy. Although there are several types of therapy available to treat depression and other mood disorders, CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy) has been one of the most widely used and thought to be very effective in treating the disorder. First the paper will review what the disorder is and the criteria needed to diagnosis one with major depressive disorder and then we will take a
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Either way once a person feels there is no way out of a certain situation or starts to feel hopeless they would be suffering from MDD. One theory that has come about in relation to stress and depression is Martin Steligman’s learned helplessness theory of depression which is a theory that states people become anxious and depressed when they make an attribution that they have no control over the stress in their lives (Barlow and Durland, 2009). Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is one of the most prevalent treatments used with clients suffering from MDD, although this is sometimes combined with medication for better treatment results. CBT is derived from Aaron Beck’s cognitive approach to treating depressed individuals, the model suggest that depression develops when individuals develop negative thoughts about themselves, world, and future (Para, 2008). Negative schemas or thought process can occur early in life in the events of stressful life experiences; these thought patterns are then revealed later in life during certain situations. CBT’s goals are to reduce the automatic negative thoughts and actions when experiencing stressful life situations. In CBT clients are taught to examine carefully their thought processes while they are depressed and taught to recognize depressive errors in thinking (Barlow and Durand, 2009). Between sessions clients are instructed to monitor and log their thought
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