Major Problems Of Urban Transport

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3. Major problems of urban transport
Kuala Lumpur is not always considered as a “megacity” for its scale and population. However, its urban area and urban population density can be compared to many metropolitans in the Global North. Being a motor-dominated city with high population density, rapid economy growth, and a rather small scale, Kuala Lumpur is facing its own problems of urban transport. (1) Kuala Lumpur has one of the lowest public transport passenger amount levels in Asia due to the rising ownerships and usage rate of private cars. The recently-launched Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020 revealed that only 20 percent of total Kuala Lumpur passenger movements take place by public transport while 80 percent by private transport (Kuala Lumpur City Hall. Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020, 2004). The public transportation has modern facilities, but with the poor system and low-quality service, therefore, more and more people are shifting from public transport to private cars and motors. Although the local government made efforts to introduce rails as public transport in the 1980s, expecting to slow down the speed of increasing motor vehicles, their popularity remained (Aldukali et al, 2011). The low efficiency also contributes to the shift. The buses and metros always arrive late, consuming more time for passengers to travel from house to work, which in turn further aggravates the low usage rate.

(2) The increasing car ownerships number causes the rising demand
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