Essay on Major Risk Factors for Heart Disease

913 Words4 Pages
With heart disease and its risk factors affecting a large majority of the human population (WHO 2012) it is imperative to raise awareness of daily physical activity and the preventative and manageable benefits it reaps against heart disease (Bassuk & Manson 2009). Over the past five decades a great deal of data has been collected portraying evidence of the inverse relationship between a sedentary lifestyle and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (Archer & Blair 2011). Some examples of common heart diseases are, coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, heart infections and congenital heart defects (Mayo Clinic Staff n.d.). ‘World Health Organization (2012) estimates that more than 17.3 million people died of cardiovascular diseases…show more content…
With heart disease and its risk factors affecting a large majority of the human population (WHO 2012) it is imperative to raise awareness of daily physical activity and the preventative and manageable benefits it reaps against heart disease (Bassuk & Manson 2009). Over the past five decades a great deal of data has been collected portraying evidence of the inverse relationship between a sedentary lifestyle and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (Archer & Blair 2011). Some examples of common heart diseases are, coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, heart infections and congenital heart defects (Mayo Clinic Staff n.d.). ‘World Health Organization (2012) estimates that more than 17.3 million people died of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack or stroke in 2008’. Many risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, such as, obesity, dyslipidaemia, and hypertension are manageable, and can be effectively targeted through the use of physical activity (Stamatakis 2010). ‘Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure (WHO 2012). Physical inactivity has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality, causing an estimated 3.2 million deaths globally’ (WHO 2012). Several studies show that regular physical activity can confer major health benefits and is an effective strategy in the prevention and treatment process (Stamatakis 2010), specifically proposing that through regular physical
Open Document