Major Types Of Major Depressive Disorder

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Major depressive disorder is one of the most common mental illnesses in the United States. In 2013 8.1% of females, and 5.1% of males in America reported having a major depressive episode in the previous year. (National Institute of Mental Health, 2013). According to Lorig and Powell (1988) women are more commonly diagnosed with depression and histrionic personality disorders, while men are more frequently diagnosed with antisocial personality disorders. This is consistent with the theory of shifting standards, which states that stereotyped social groups (e.g. women vs. men or African Americans vs. Caucasians) are held to different standards. For example, often times when you say a woman is tall, it would be in the context of other women. When you say a man is tall, it would be in the context of other men. People’s perceptions of “tallness” are very different for these two groups, based on the stereotypes they hold about each group. The goal of this research is to identify how the shifting standards model applies to sexual orientation and depression. The word small has a different meaning when applied to different groups. For example when one is comparing a small building and a small adult, the small building is going to be perceived as bigger than the small adult. A small building may be considered 15 feet tall, while a small adult may be considered 4 feet tall. This demonstrates the theory of shifting standards. The standards are shifted based on the preconceived
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