Major Types Of Major Depressive Disorder

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Major Depressive Disorder Major depressive disorder is a mood disorder in which a person experiences low mood, loss of interest, and diminished self-esteem. Symptoms of depression take over every part of a person. It can hinder emotions, bodily utilities, behaviors, and thoughts. Depression is a common mood disorder and can affect any age group. Depression occurs when a person experiences a loss of self-esteem. Such as doing badly in a class, the loss of a loved one, or losing a career. Mild symptoms may go unnoticed and will not affect everyday life. More severe symptoms can become enervating and can last for extended periods of time. Identification or diagnosis of the disease depends on the harshness and extent of the symptoms.…show more content…
To be diagnosed with major depressive disorder, the person must experience depressed mood or loss of interest and at least four other indicators for a period of two weeks or more. These symptoms must be so severe that they interfere with the person’s ability to function on a daily basis. In extreme cases, depression can lead to self-harm and suicide. More than 70 percent of individuals diagnosed with major depressive disorder will correspondingly have an additional psychological disorder at some point in their lives. The DSM-5 recognizes several different forms that the disorder can manifest as (subtypes.) These subtypes include depression along with: anxious distress, mixed features, melancholic features, psychotic features, catatonic features, atypical features, seasonal pattern, and peripartum onset. (Nolen-Hoeksema, 2014) Anxiety is exceedingly common in depression. (Watson, 2009) Mixed features has the presence of at least three symptoms of mania, but do not meet the criteria for a manic episode. Melancholic features include the inability to experience pleasure and in which the other physiological symptoms of depression are mainly noticeable. Phsychotic features include delusions or hallucinations. Catatonic features people have bizarre actions known as catatonia. These behaviors may include not reacting to their environment or excited agitation. Atypical features may include positive mood reaction to some events, significant weight gain, or hypersomnia.
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