Malari How It Affects Children

997 Words4 Pages
Jessica Anderson
Professor Davis
Malaria Paper
November 19, 2014 MALARIA: HOW IT AFFECTS CHILDREN IN AFRICA Have you ever been bitten by a mosquito? Almost everyone has been bit by a one, so you know how annoying they are. During the summer they 're constantly out looking for a source to feed from. Sometimes you don 't even know you were bit until a red bump appears and you begin to itch. They can even bite through clothing! Most times these bites are harmless but some mosquitoes can carry a disease called malaria. Malaria is a serious and possibly fatal disease. It is caused by a parasite that infects a certain type of mosquito that feeds on humans. People who get malaria are generally sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and
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When a child get the malaria infection it can cause acute infection, which frequently presents as seizures or coma (cerebral malaria), may kill a child directly and quickly. Recurrent malaria infections add to the growth of severe anemia, which significantly increases the risk of death. Also, people living with AIDS/HIV have a much higher risk of being infected with malaria, vulnerable to recurrent episodes and increased progression of AIDS/HIV. So what is being done to help treat and prevent future infections among children in Africa? According to Tropical Medicine & International Health, Long-lasting insecticide treated bed nets (LLIN) are an effective method of malaria control but several studies have shown that school-age children use LLINs less frequently than other population groups. There are antimalarial drugs being used in different ways to control malaria in school-age children including screening and treatment and intermittent preventive treatment. Some studies of chemoprevention in school-age children have shown reductions in anemia and improved school performance but this has not been the case in all trials and more research is needed to identify the situations in which chemoprevention is likely to be most effective and, in these situations, which type of intervention should be used. In the longer term, malaria vaccines may

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