Malaria Is A Preventable Disease

1380 Words Apr 8th, 2015 6 Pages
Part I: Background Malaria is a preventable disease transmitted by a female anopheles mosquito that has a global annual death impact of over one million mainly concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa (Patricia Schlagenhauf-Lawlor, & Funk-Baumann, M., 2005, pg. 6)(1). Although malaria is almost unheard of in developed countries like the United States, in the early 1900s malaria was just as prevalent as it is in sub-Saharan Africa today. The United States has eradicated local malaria due to increased finances and physician led public health missions in the 1940’s in the form of the DDT campaign(Humphries, 2001, pg. 2). However, in underdeveloped countries mainly located in tropical areas, the death toll to malaria continues to rise due to challenges and barriers between accumulating hefty finances, adequate resources and delivering affective outreach programs( Jennifer Kates, Michaud, J., Wexler, A., Valentine, A., 2013)(3). Malaria thrives in warm and human areas that have bounty stagnant water sources ideal for breeding and egg nesting. Once bitten by a mature anopheles mosquito the incubation time between infection and showing symptoms is usually between 6-7 days (Patricia Schlagenhauf-Lawlor, & Funk-Baumann, M., 2005, pg. 10)(1). The common symptoms of malaria like chills, headache and perfuse diaphoresis to name a few, exacerbate due to parasitic replication and destruction of the bodies RBC. Once the cell is destroyed the merozites from the RBC disperse throughout the…
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