Malaria Is An Infectious Disease

1021 Words Sep 13th, 2016 5 Pages
Background Malaria is considered as one of the deadliest diseases around the world. The cases of malaria are getting worse and more serious especially in the African countries. Almost 40% of the world’s population could be affected by the disease. Malaria could cause over 1 million deaths each year and could result to enormous damages to human and social-being (Gething et al., 2014). Most of the international organizations concerning human health have been working on provisions for early the diagnosis and treatment of the disease as well as selective measures such as vector control.
Definition
Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasitic protozoans which belong to the plasmodium type. It is commonly transmitted by female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito bite transfers the bacteria into the bloodstream. The parasite migrates to the liver and reproduce. (Slutsker & Kachur, 2013).
Brief History The cases of malaria could be recognized from the writings of ancient civilization. There are ancient Chinese writings which described the symptoms of malaria (Gething et al., 2014). However, its mechanism is not known until the discovery of the malaria parasite. The parasite was discovered by Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran who is a French surgeon. He noticed the parasites in the blood of the patient diagnosed with malaria. He was awarded Nobel Prize for his discovery. In addition, the widely used antimalarial drug that is used in the modern times is discovered during the…
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