Malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa Essay

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Malaria is blood disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium. This disease occurs widely in poor, subtropical and tropical regions of the world. One subtropical region that has been greatly affected by this disease is Sub-Saharan Africa. According to Olowookere, Adeleke, Kuteyi, and Mbakwe (2013) malaria is one of the leading causes of death and illness in sub-Saharan Africa. It is important to be aware of the impacts this disease carries and how it has greatly affected millions of people. This paper will explain the impacts of Malaria and discuss, compare, and contrast the malaria research conducted by various researchers and reflect on the issue.
Many factors contribute to the high mortality from malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. One
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For the most part, all of the researchers findings agreed with each other, but some researchers found that certain measures would be more effective than others. Fullman, Burstein, Lim, Medlin and Gakidou (2013) examined the impacts of using bed nets, spray, or even both to prevent transmission. They found that people living in low and medium transmission areas had both insecticide treated bed nets and used indoor residual sprays. They also found that the risk of malaria was reduced by 53% with the use of both these interventions (Fullman et al., 2013) However, Olowookere et al. (2013) disagreed, suggesting that the use of insecticide treated nets and preventive education would decrease the spread of this disease. Eisele, Larsen, Walker, Cibulski, Yukich, Zikusooka, and Steketee (2012) agreed with both researchers on the use of bed nets, stating that over a 10 year scale-up of malaria prevention roughly “842,800 potential child deaths were prevented” (p. 96) and “roughly 831,100 of those 842,800 deaths were prevented through the contribution of insecticide treated bed nets” (p. 96) . Along with the rest of the researchers, Lim, Fullman, Stokes, Ravishankar, Masiye, Murray and Gakidou (2013) found that “sleeping under bed nets reduced the malaria prevalence among children by 24 %”(p. 8) and “the ownership of one bed net would reduce child mortality by 23%” (p. 8).
The methods used for
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