Malcolm X : An American Muslim Minister And Human Rights Activist

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Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; disparagers accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
Malcolm X was an orphan in his early life. His father was killed when he was six and his mother was sent to a mental hospital when he was thirteen, leading to him living in several foster homes. In 1946, when Malcolm was 20 years old, he went to prison for larceny and breaking and entering. While in prison, Malcolm X became a member of the Nation of Islam, and after his parole in 1952, rose to become one of the organization 's most influential leaders, serving as the public face of the controversial group for a dozen years. In his autobiography, Malcolm X wrote proudly of some of the social achievements the Nation made while he was a member, particularly its free-of-cost drug rehabilitation program. In keeping with the Nation 's teachings, he promoted black supremacy, advocated the separation of black and white Americans, and rejected the civil rights movement for their emphasis on integration.

By March 1964, Malcolm X had become disappointed with the Nation of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad. Expressing many regrets about his
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