Malnutrition, Its Impacts And Consequences Essay

1553 Words7 Pages
Discuss and define malnutrition, its impacts and consequences in both adult and paediatric patients, reflecting on your experiences from classroom discussions, A placement and the key evidence base. Include discussions of screening and use of the nutrition support algorithm and describe and discuss the tools used in settings to enable effective nutrition support. Malnutrition is the imbalance of body nutrients, energy and protein, which cause negative impacts on the body and its functions. Imbalances can mean levels exceed bodily requirements (overnutrition), leading to conditions like obesity and vitamin overdose effects. Malnutrition also refers to insufficient intake (undernutrition), which can cause conditions such as anaemia. From a clinical perspective, malnutrition is “a body mass index (BMI) of less than 18.5kg/m2, unintentional weight loss greater than 10% within the last 3-6 months, a BMI of less than 20kg/m2 and unintentional weight loss greater than 5% within the last 3-6 months” (Malnutrition Task Force, 2013, p.7). One suggested cause of malnutrition is financial limitations, as not all families can afford nutritionally rich, balanced diets. The National Children’s Home (NCH) Poverty and Nutrition Survey 1991 found that two thirds of children and more than ½ of the parents (of families attending NCH Family Centres) were eating nutritionally inadequate diets (Leather, 1996, p.20). From A Placement observation of a paediatric outpatient clinic, it is evident that
Open Document