Mamie Phipps Clark Essay

922 Words Jun 10th, 2012 4 Pages
Mamie Phipps Clark
Mamie Phipps Clark started her college career in 1934. She began going to college at Howard University as a math major which she graduated magna cum laude in 1938 but when she went back she changed her major to psychology after her husband Kenneth Clark persuaded her to do so. He told her that there would not be that many job opportunities for her and thought it would be better if she got a degree in psychology.
When she entered the master’s program, she started on her thesis titled “The Consciousness of Self in Negro Pre-school Children”, which was the start of her research about the negativity of segregation. This research was used to determine that segregation was unconstitutional. The conclusion her thesis stated
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Her and her husband were also involved in the Brown vs. Board of Education Topeka because of their expertise with African American children influenced the case to end segregation in schools. After the Supreme Court heard these findings and were very impressed he awarded Clark and her husband with the Nicholas Murray Butler Silver Medal.
After a decade being out of school, she decided to go back to school and get her P.H. d. in psychology. Clark became the first African American woman to graduate from Columbia University with a P.H. d in psychology and her husband was the first African American to graduate from Columbia University with a doctorate. She soon found how hard it was for an African American woman with a doctorate in psychology was to get a job. Clark stated about getting a job, "Although my husband had earlier secured a teaching position at the City College of New York, following my graduation it soon became apparent to me that an African American female with a Ph.D. in psychology was an unwanted anomaly in New York City in the early 1940s." (Kerera, 2010)
She finally found a job at Riversdale Home for Children in New York. She counselled and performd psychological test on African Americans girls. After Clark started working there

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