Man Made Disasters

1673 WordsDec 1, 20107 Pages
Man-made disasters Man-made disasters are disasters resulting from man-made hazards (threats having an element of human intent, negligence, or error; or involving a failure of a man-made system), as opposed to natural disasters resulting from natural hazards. Man-made hazards or disasters are sometimes referred to as anthropogenic. Contents * 1 Sociological hazards * 1.1 Crime * 1.1.1 Arson * 1.2 Civil disorder * 1.3 Terrorism * 1.4 War * 2 Technological hazards * 2.1 Industrial hazards * 2.2 Structural collapse * 2.3 Power outage *…show more content…
The Bhopal poisoning is an extreme example, as is the Chernobyl failure. Hazards may have longer more dispersed effects, such as dioxin and DDT poisoning. Fire Bush fires, forest fires, and mine fires are generally started by lightning, but also by human negligence or arson. They can burn thousands of square kilometers. If a fire intensifies enough to produce its own winds and "weather", it will form into a firestorm. A good example of a mine fire is the one near Centralia, Pennsylvania. Started in 1962, it ruined the town and continues to burn today. Some of the biggest city-related fires are The Great Chicago Fire, The Peshtigo Fire (both of 1871) and the Great Fire of London in 1666. Casualties resulting from fires, regardless of their source or initial cause, can be aggravated by inadequate emergency preparedness. Such hazards as a lack of accessible emergency exits, poorly marked escape routes, or improperly maintained fire extinguishers or sprinkler systems may result in many more deaths and injuries than might occur with such protections. Events like this have happened as the Australian Bush fires in 2009. Hazardous materials Radiation contamination When nuclear weapons are detonated or nuclear containment systems are otherwise compromised, airborne radioactive particles (nuclear fallout) can scatter and irradiate large areas. Not only is it deadly, but it also has a long-term effect on the next generation for those who are contaminated. Ionizing
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