Management Approaches and Organizational Perspective

1729 Words Oct 30th, 2010 7 Pages
Management Approaches and Organizational Perspective
Management, in all business areas and human organizational activities, is the process of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives. There are four major schools management thoughts, i.e., the four main management approaches, namely, classical management approach, behavior management approach, quantitative management approach and modern management approach. These four management approaches might be used in different organizational perspectives, such as, mechanistic organization, organic organization, cultural perspective and political perspective. The content below will analysis the management approaches and the organizational perspectives in
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The organic organization is advanced in adapting changing environment as it is a relatively flexible organizational structure (Campling et al. 2008).
One rule of administrative management in the classical approach emphasis coordination, that is to say, to fit diverse efforts together, ensures information is shared and problems solved, this is the way that organic organization uses. Because one of the organic organizations characteristic is staff varied and diverse. So the organic organization still will use the classical approach to manage the organization.
Behavior management(or human resource) approaches includes Hawthorne studies, Maslow’s theory of human needs ,McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y and Argyris’s theory of adult personality (Campling et al. 2008).
Maslow’s theory of human needs is a physiological deficiency a person feels compelled to satisfy, Note that the organic organization focus on staff and not procedures, and the Maslow’s theory is an approach for manager to understand which needs are the more important for individual employees. Abraham Maslow developed a model in which basic, low-level needs such as physiological requirements and safety must be satisfied before high-level needs such as self-fulfillment are pursued, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is shown, from the bottom to the top, self-actualization, esteem, social, and safety and physiological (, Maslow’s
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