Management Of Hyperthroidism. Needs Assessment

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Management of Hyperthroidism

Needs Assessment

Gap Analysis

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Abstract

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Introduction Approximately 20 million Americans are diagnosed with some form of thyroid disorder with up to 60 percent unaware of acquiring such conditions. Thyroid disorder if uncontrolled may lead to serious medical conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, infertility, and possibly death if severe. (1) The thyroid gland, a butterfly-shaped organ, located in the middle of the lower neck synthesizes and releases thyroid hormones. These vital hormones affect multiple body functions such as the brain development, nervous system functions, metabolism, cardiac system functions, body temperature, cholesterol levels and menstrual cycles. Not only is the thyroid gland one of the largest organs of the endocrine system, the gland is the only organ in the human body that absorbs iodine necessary to produce the thyroid hormones. The most common issues with the thyroid gland are when the gland is overactive, hyperthyroidism and underactive, hypothyroidism. ( 1, 2 )
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Pathophysiology Thyroid hormone production is regulated by the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which is made in the pituitary gland in the brain. TSH is secreted with the stimulation of the thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) created in the hypothalamus or the negative feedback of the low

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