Management Philosophy Comparison

1706 Words Feb 27th, 2011 7 Pages

Management Philosophy Comparison
Management philosophies
June 15, 2009

Management Philosophy Comparison "Management aims to accomplish group purposes with the least expenditure of material or human resources" (Koontz, 1969, p. 415). The term management philosophy seems almost oxymoronic in that they appear to work toward different results. The goal of management should be to improve the organization. (Kirkeby, 2000) suggest that the objective of management has always been the goal of making the group, institution, organization, or nation, into the strongest organism possible. Triumph, subjugation, gaining strength, and survival are all priorities of management.
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All of these examples and many others function and are produced at a higher rate of efficiently due to Scientific Management. Frederick W. Taylor born on March 20, 1865 considered “the father of Scientific Management”. He strongly campaigned for less human interaction and more machine driven production, even going on to say “In the past the man has been first; in the future the system must be first” (Worthy, 1959, p. 73). One of the driving factors for Taylor’s scientific management was that he believed the industrial management of his day was run by individuals that had no professional amplitude Deming suggested that “management could be formulated as an academic discipline, and that the best results would come from the partnership between a trained and qualified management and a cooperative and innovative workforce” (Weisbord, 1987, p. 9). "Taylorism" became the first big management fad. Taylor 's scientific management consisted of four principles (Weisbord, 1987): 1. Replace rule-of-thumb work methods with methods based on a scientific study of the tasks. 2. Scientifically select, train, and develop each employee rather than passively leaving them to train themselves. 3. Provide detailed instruction and supervision of each worker in the performance of that worker 's discrete task. 4. Divide work equally between managers and workers, so that the managers apply scientific management principles to planning the work and the workers
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