Management Styles Analysis

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Management Styles
Management is a far-running subject and there are many definitions of management. From my point of view, management is described as a process to get something done in the business environment. It is the person called Manager who gets various jobs done by assign works to people working with him/her. How the Manager can get the things done effectively and efficiently is an important problem that should be researched. Robert Tannenbaum and Warren H. Schmidt (1958, 1973), who argued that the style of leadership is dependent upon the prevailing circumstance, therefore leaders should exercise a range of management styles and deploy them as appropriate. In fact, a management style is an overall method of leadership used by a
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Apart from culture and law, different business customs also can influence management styles. Business custom is part of a nation’s culture. It has been formed in a long time, maybe several decades, several countries, or even thousands years such as China and Japan. The custom includes how to manage enterprise, how to treat customers, how to get along with leaders and subordinates. Different countries and economic systems have different answers and standards. For example, in China, “face issue” is important for individuals in traditional custom. And appreciation or encouragements should be made before any criticism. If managers point out employees’ mistake in front of other workers directly, the employee might feel ashamed and reluctant to cooperate with the manager in future, which surely will bring barriers to management. There are also various customs in different regions, management styles are also changing according to such differences.

I would like to take Japan and the US as examples to discuss how these key factors, culture, policy, and customs influence management styles in specific circumstances. Obviously, Japan and the US display an obvious contrast in the aspect of culture, society and ideology, etc. I would like to discuss the features of Japan and the US at first.

First of all, the US is a nation with a large number of immigrants, which determines that its national culture is identified with individualism. As is known to all, the US is
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