Management Thoughts and Theories

1727 WordsDec 9, 20067 Pages
MANAGEMENT THOUGHTS AND THEORIES The industrial revolution, which began in Europe in mid-1700s, was the starting point for the development of management concepts and theories. PRECLASSICAL CONTRIBUTORS TO MANAGENENT THOUGHT Name Period Contribution Robert Owen 1771- 1858 Proposed legislative reforms to improve working conditions of labor Charles Babbage 1792-1871 Advocated the concept of ‘division of labor'; devised a profit-sharing plan which led to the modern-day Scanlon Plan Andrew Ure 1778-1857 Advocated the study of management Charles Dupin 1784-1873 Henry R. Towne 1844-1924 Emphasized the need to consider management as a separate field of study and the importance of business skills for running a business.…show more content…
Frederick W. Taylor, who attended the presentation, was influenced by Towne's ideas. Subsequently, Taylor developed the principles of scientific management. Major Classification of Management Approaches Major Contributors Classical approach Scientific management Frederick W. Taylor, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth and Henry Gantt Bureaucratic management Max Weber Administrative management Henri Fayol Behavioral approach Group influences Mary Parker Follet Hawthorne studies Elton Mayo Maslow's needs theory Abraham Maslow Theory X and Theory Y Douglas McGregor Model I versus Model II values Chris Argyris Quantitative approach Management science - Operations management - Management information system - Modern approaches The Systems Theory - Contingency Theory - Emerging approaches: Theory Z and Quality management William Ouchi A Brief Overview of Classical Theories Approach Rationale Focus Contributors Scientific management One best way to do each job Job level Frederick W.Taylor Administrative theories One best way to put an organization together Organizational level Henry Fayol Bureaucratic organization Rational and impersonal organizational arrangements Organizational level Max Weber Frederick Winslow Taylor Frederick Winslow Taylor took up Henry Towne's challenge to develop principles of scientific management. Taylor, considered "father of scientific management", wrote The Principles of

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