Management Thoughts and Theories

1727 Words Dec 9th, 2006 7 Pages
MANAGEMENT THOUGHTS AND THEORIES

The industrial revolution, which began in Europe in mid-1700s, was the starting point for the development of management concepts and theories.

PRECLASSICAL CONTRIBUTORS TO MANAGENENT THOUGHT

Name Period Contribution
Robert Owen 1771- 1858 Proposed legislative reforms to improve working conditions of labor
Charles Babbage 1792-1871 Advocated the concept of ‘division of labor'; devised a profit-sharing plan which led to the modern-day Scanlon Plan
Andrew Ure 1778-1857 Advocated the study of management
Charles Dupin 1784-1873
Henry R. Towne 1844-1924 Emphasized the need to consider management as a separate field of study and the importance of business skills for running a business.
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Frederick W. Taylor, who attended the presentation, was influenced by Towne's ideas. Subsequently, Taylor developed the principles of scientific management.

Major Classification of Management Approaches Major Contributors
Classical approach Scientific management Frederick W. Taylor, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth and Henry Gantt Bureaucratic management Max Weber Administrative management Henri Fayol
Behavioral approach Group influences Mary Parker Follet Hawthorne studies Elton Mayo Maslow's needs theory Abraham Maslow Theory X and Theory Y Douglas McGregor Model I versus Model II values Chris Argyris
Quantitative approach Management science - Operations management - Management information system -
Modern approaches The Systems Theory - Contingency Theory - Emerging approaches: Theory Z and Quality management William Ouchi

A Brief Overview of Classical Theories
Approach Rationale Focus Contributors
Scientific management One best way to do each job Job level Frederick W.Taylor
Administrative theories One best way to put an organization together Organizational level Henry Fayol
Bureaucratic organization Rational and impersonal organizational arrangements Organizational level Max Weber

Frederick Winslow Taylor
Frederick Winslow Taylor took up Henry Towne's challenge to develop principles of scientific management. Taylor, considered "father of scientific management", wrote The Principles of
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