Essay Management and Leadership

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The following presents my orientations toward the study and the practice of leadership. I tend to equate leadership and management, however, analytically, while all management is leadership, not all leadership is management. To concretely state my orientations, the following might well sum it up: 1) Management is primarily a moral pursuit and, therefore, is Value-laden (this to the extent and degree that every manager ought aspire to being a "philosopher-king"; 2)
Management is much more art than science; 3) A manager's understanding of him/herself and of the human condition/situation is his/her primary tool and vehicle; 4) Mankind's systems for developing, selecting and elevating managers/leaders tend to favor the more
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As regards the interactionist, or micro theoretical orientation, areas of interest include the forms and sorts of "performances" (Goffman) a manager/leader engages in. Here, my orientation is that a manager/leader must do such--in many ways "inventing him/herself" in a real-life drama, but that such creations must be truly a part/parcel of the self/personality of the actor. In management development/training, for instance, I counsel that a manager may adopt many performances, all of which might achieve the desired result, but that the manager cannot "sell" any performance which is not a true part of him/herself, one which is totally imagined and "made out of whole cloth."

Following is a favored collection of quotes, including and concluding with some of y further thoughts, regarding management and leadership.

Man is not unique because he does science, and he is unique not because he does art, but because science and art equally are expressions of his marvelous plasticity of mind.

We are nature's unique experiment to make the rational intelligence prove itself sounder than the reflex. Knowledge is our destiny.
Self-knowledge, at last bringing together the experience of the arts and the explanations of science, waits ahead of us.

Knowledge is not a loose-leaf notebook of facts. Above all, it is a responsibility for the integrity of what we are, primarily of what

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