Management of Bipolar Disorder in Adults and Diagnosis in Adolescent Children

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Management of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder when individuals experience episodes of mania and depression. The medications used in treating bipolar disorder have been effective when properly diagnosed, but there is a risk of suicide while undergoing therapy. Treatments for bipolar disorder our on the market but they can only treat the mania or the depression, which is why the patient needs to be under supervision. When a person does not follow the prescribed course of treatment the risk of suicide increases. Another problem with bipolar disorder is that it can be misdiagnosed in teenagers in going though puberty.

There are two forms of bipolar disorder, bipolar I
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Lithium or valproic acid also known as depakene is used for treating the manic side of the disease. Carbamazephine or tegretol can be used in treating rapid cycling manic episodes. A benzodiazephine can be used under extreme caution because it has habit forming qualities. When the patient cycles back to depression a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor also known as SSR or bupropion also known as Welbutrin is used. Some antidepressants should not be used, such as tricyclics, because they induce rapid cycling between mania and depression. All of the information above was taken from an article by Kim S. Griswold and Lind F. Pessar in the September 15, 2000 issue of the American Family Physician.

In the past adolescent children were rarely diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Diagnosing bipolar disorder in children is a very confusing and complex process. It is thought that the onset of puberty is a trigger to bipolar disorder. Since they are still young they might use illegal drugs to control their mood swings instead of getting the appropriate help. It is hard to diagnosis this because some children experience many episode changes throughout the day wile others will only have a few episodes throughout the year. When the child has many episodes throughout the day it could be confused for ADHD. Right now the FDA is