Management of Bipolar Disorder in Adults and Diagnosis in Adolescent Children

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Management of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder when individuals experience
episodes of mania and depression. The medications used in treating
bipolar disorder have been effective when properly diagnosed, but
there is a risk of suicide while undergoing therapy. Treatments for
bipolar disorder our on the market but they can only treat the mania
or the depression, which is why the patient needs to be under
supervision. When a person does not follow the prescribed course of
treatment the risk of suicide increases. Another problem with bipolar
disorder is that it can be misdiagnosed in teenagers in going though
puberty.

There are two forms of bipolar disorder, bipolar I and
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Lithium or valproic
acid also known as depakene is used for treating the manic side of the
disease. Carbamazephine or tegretol can be used in treating rapid
cycling manic episodes. A benzodiazephine can be used under extreme
caution because it has habit forming qualities. When the patient
cycles back to depression a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
also known as SSR or bupropion also known as Welbutrin is used. Some
antidepressants should not be used, such as tricyclics, because they
induce rapid cycling between mania and depression. All of the
information above was taken from an article by Kim S. Griswold and
Lind F. Pessar in the September 15, 2000 issue of the American Family
Physician.

In the past adolescent children were rarely diagnosed with bipolar
disorder. Diagnosing bipolar disorder in children is a very confusing
and complex process. It is thought that the onset of puberty is a
trigger to bipolar disorder. Since they are still young they might use
illegal drugs to control their mood swings instead of getting the
appropriate help. It is hard to diagnosis this because some children
experience many episode changes throughout the day wile others will
only have a few episodes throughout the year. When the child has many
episodes throughout the day it could be confused for ADHD. Right now
the FDA is…