Managing Across Borders and Cultures

650 Words3 Pages
Intercultural management There has been a decline in the percentage of workforce in trade unions over the last decade in industrialized countries this is especially in Europe.in the U.S membership in unions has fallen from a third in the 1950s to close to 12% in 2006.this trend has been attributed to the fact that there has been an increase in the proportion of service workers and white collar jobs as compared to manufacturing workers, an increase in the proportion of part-time and temporary workers, the off shoring of jobs so as to obtain low wage cost and the general reduction in belief on trade unions by upcoming generations (Deresky, 2011). The union systems are different in different countries.in most of the countries, there is a single ,dominant system for industrial relation that is applicable to nearly all workers.in Canada and United States there are two systems an organized and unorganized systems. Both of them have their own rights and duties of the parties, employment terms and conditions and processes and structures for making decisions.in North America there is an agent who acts as a representative to the employees who are unionized. On the other hand the unorganized employees are able to bargain on their own but they normally have little capability that can affect strategic decisions, policies and employment conditions. In western industrialized societies they have traditional trade union structures whereby in industrial unions all employee grades are
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