Managing Diabetes

2493 WordsJul 17, 201810 Pages
Diabetes is a disease that causes the human body to not create or not use insulin effectively. The body needs insulin to take the energy or sugars and turn it into energy. The human body needs energy to survive. Diabetes can be broken into three main categories. Type 1 diabetes is where the body makes no insulin at all. Type 2 diabetes is where the body does not produce enough insulin or it does not use it correctly. Gestational diabetes is more of a type 2 diabetes for pregnant women, which usually returns to normal after birth (Ruder 7-8). Having too much glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream or a blood sugar level consistently over 126 milligrams of glucose per deciliter means that individual is diabetic. Healthy non diabetics will have a…show more content…
Insulin assists in more processes than just carbohydrate regulation. It can also help the body process fat and protein. Proteins are broke into amino acids then absorbed into the bloodstream. The body uses these amino acids to make new proteins. Insulin helps make these new proteins. Insulin also helps the human body store fat from the food that was eaten. It is stored so it can later, when needed, be used as energy (Greene 11). Diabetics have an insulin problem Diabetes is a result of insulin not performing its job correctly. Since insulin does more than remove glucose from the bloodstream, including producing proteins, storing fats, and other metabolic processes, diabetes can have severe consequences. If it is not treated properly diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, eye problems (including blindness), kidney failure, problems with teeth and gums, male sexual problems, nerve problems, and circulation problems. The circulation problems could result in foot or leg amputation (Reddy 2). Type 1 diabetics make little to no insulin. This makes the symptoms of diabetes very serious. Without insulin the cells in the body cannot get the needed glucose to perform their designed tasks. Most type 1 diabetics can feel quite sick and need to be taken to the hospital in a very short period of time, because of high blood glucose (Ruder 26). Type 1 diabetes used to be
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