Mangroves and the Environment Essay

2230 Words 9 Pages
“If there are no mangroves, then the sea will have no meaning. It is like having a tree without roots, for the mangroves are the roots of the sea…”(AMNH, 2003). Internationally, mangroves communities are recognised as pivotal in the sustaining of a healthy diverse ecosystem. However, since the late 1950s, human beings have decimated the total of mangrove forests by a third (Fidenci, 2007). The World Atlas of Mangroves states decimation of mangroves is occurring “four times faster” than on land forestation (Cook, 2010). There are a number of impacts, as these ‘highly productive ecosystems’ support the coastal and intertidal areas they are found within (Hogarth et al., 2007). They are invaluable, able to withstand varying levels of salinity and extreme weather conditions, playing a key role in the coastal aquatic ecosystems biological health and overall diversity (Wetlands International, 2012). They aid in the purification of the water, ridding it of potentially poisonous pollutants and toxins such as foreign wastes and poisons (National Geographic, 2010). Mangrove forests are found within estuaries and intertidal regions, however a vast majority of these are threatened (Polidoro, 2010). The importance of the mangroves is shown prominently by various factors, regarding environmental, economic and social perspectives.

The existence of mangroves is essential to maintain the environmental health of the ecosystem, extinction or substantial damage to the biodiverse organisms…